perennial

American Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

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American Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) at Minor's Garden Center

American Columbine flowers

American Columbine flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

American Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) at Minor's Garden Center

American Columbine in bloom

American Columbine in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Plant Height:  15 inches

Flower Height:  30 inches

Spread:  15 inches

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  3a

Other Names:  Wild Red Columbine

Ornamental Features

American Columbine has masses of beautiful nodding tomato-orange bell-shaped flowers with yellow eyes and orange spurs at the ends of the stems in late spring, which are most effective when planted in groupings. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its lobed compound leaves remain light green in color throughout the season. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

American Columbine is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other garden plants with less refined foliage.

This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should be cut back in late fall in preparation for winter. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Insects
  • Disease
  • Self-Seeding

American Columbine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Rock/Alpine Gardens
  • Border Edging
  • General Garden Use
  • Groundcover
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

American Columbine will grow to be about 15 inches tall at maturity extending to 30 inches tall with the flowers, with a spread of 15 inches. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 3 years.

This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

American Columbine is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

Sizes Available:

4.5" Cont. $5.49

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Rock  Edging  Garden  Groundcover  Naturalizing  Container 
Applications
Flowers  Texture 
Ornamental Features
Minor's Garden Center (414) 354-4830
7777 N. 76th St., Milwaukee, WI 53223
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